NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Sociology Chapter 12 Globalisation and Social Change

Q1. Choose any topic that is of interest to you and discuss how you think globalisation has affected it. You could choose cinema, work, marriage or any other topic.

Answer:- Here we have choosen cinema as the topic which is being affected by the globalisation. Cinema: Indian cinema is one of the largest cinema industry in the world and it also has been affected by globalisation. It has. affected our ways of thinking, ways of behaviour and moreover our culture.

These days, Hollywood films are becoming an inspirational force for Bollywood producers and they are making their films on the tracks of Hollywood cinema. These days, more and more technology is being used in our films. Animated films, action scenes, hew types of weapons and vehicles are some of the features which our cinema takes from Hollywood. Advancements have been made in photography, cameras, musical instruments, making of films and all these have happened because of the impact of globalisation.

These days, Indian films are not only released in India but they are released worldwide. Many Indian films have traded more overseas as compared to India and all this has happened because of globalisation. Many producers are making films while keeping in mind the overseas audience and this has happened because of globalisation. In this way, we can say that Indian cinema has been greatly affected by globalisation.

Q2. What are the distinctive features of a globalised economy? Discuss.

Answer:- The process of globalisation is the process in which the economy of one country is associated with economies of other countries. In other words, unrestricted exchange of goods, services, capital and labour of one country with others is known as globalisation. Economies of different countries come in contact with each other in this process.

There is free exchange of trade between the countries. In this way, unification of different economies is called globalisation. The whole world has now been changed into a village due to globalisation. It is also called a ‘Global Village’.

Distinctive Features of a Globalised Economy:

(i) A Globalised economy is based on the theory of free trade. Free trade encourages competition and increases capabilities. This thing is hardly seen in controlled economies. More working ability helps to increase equality of services.

(ii) More foreign investment is present in the economy of any country in a globalised economy. More foreign investment gives strength to weak economies.

(iii) Free trade policy is used for uncontrolled flow of foreign capital and goods. It has been considered that it will help the economics of third world countries.

(iv) It has also been considered that globalisation will solve serious problems like unemployment, poverty, etc. Globalisation increases opportunities of employment and increase in employment opportunities helps in economic development.

(v) Globalisation helps in the unification of different economies and it solves the problem of social justice. Some people are of the view that liberalisation of the economy provides many facilities to the deprived groups.

(vi) Exchange between different countries increases in globalised economies and it helps in maintaining world peace.

Q3. Briefly discuss the impact of globalisation on our culture.

Answer:- In many ways, our culture is affected by globalisation. Right from the early ages, India had adopted an open approach to cultural influences and the Indian culture has been enriched because of this. In the last decade, we have seen major cultural changes and it was feared that our local cultures would be overtaken by globalised culture. Earlier, our cultural tradition was very reserved and had no connection with the outside world.

It hardly knew anything else and was suspicions of everything. Fortunately we have not retained our old attitude till today. There have been some hot debates in our society not just about political and economic issues but also about changes in styles, clothes, films, music, body language, language, etc. Many social reformers and early nationalists of the 19th century also debated on culture and tradition. The issues todays are the same, but in different ways. What is perhaps the difference is the intensity and scale of change.

Q4. What is glocalisation? Is it simply a market strategy adopted by multinational companies or is genuine cultural synthesis taking place? Discuss.

Answer:- Glocalisation means the mixing of the global with the local. It is neither completely spontaneous nor is it completely delinked from the commercial interests of globalisation. The main contention of glocalisation is that all cultures will become similar meaning homogenous. Some say that there is an increasing tendency towards glocalisation of culture.
It is actually a policy followed by foreign companies while dealing with local traditions to enhance the marketing of their products.

We can see in India, all the international T.V. channels like MTV, Channel V, Star, CN, etc. use Indian languages. Even McDonalds does not sell any beef products in India instead they sells only chicken and vegetarian products. McDonald’s serves only vegetarian during the Navaratri festival. In the field of music, we can see the growth of popularity of Indi pop, Bhangra pop, fusion music and even remixes. It is also a form of glocalisation.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Sociology: Indian Society

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Sociology: Social Change and Development in India

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