General Science – Biology MCQs Set 13 SSC UPSC and Competitive Exam

Q.1. What are the two categories of cell which nervous system is made up of__?

[A] Satellite cell and Boettcher cell
[B] neurons and glial cells
[C] Gastric chief cell, Parietal cell
[D] Tendon cell and Macula densa cell

Answer: B [neurons and glial cells]

Q.2. Which among the following have been found to produce a protein called Defensin-1, which has been found potential to develop drugs for antibiotic resistant bacteria?

[A] Codfish
[B] Cuttle Fish
[C] Honey bee
[D] Domestic Fly

Answer: C [Honey bee]

Q.3. Consider the following:

  1. Conversion of fats to fatty acids and glycerol
  2. Conversion of proteins to amino acids
  3. Conversion of starch to simple sugars

Which among the above is / are examples of Hydrolysis?

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Answer: D [ 1, 2 & 3]

Q.4. Consider the following:

  1. Fungi
  2. Bacteria
  3. Algae
  4. Protozoa Which of the above have eukaryotic cells?

[A] 3 & 4 Only
[B] 1, 3 & 4 Only
[C] 1 & 2 Only
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer: B [1, 3 & 4 Only]

Q.5. Alveoli is related to which of the following system of human body?

[A] Excretory system
[B] Respiratory system
[C] Circulatory system
[D] Reproductive system

Answer: B [Respiratory system]

Q.6. Which among the following is a common end product of Anaerobic Respiration?

[A] Acetic Acid
[B] Carbonic Acid
[C] Lactic Acid
[D] Hydrochloric Acid

Answer: C [Lactic Acid]

Q.7. The monocarpic plants produce flowers only __?

[A] Once in a year
[B] Once in a season
[C] Once in lifetime
[D] One flower per plant

Answer: C [Once in lifetime]

Q.8. In the human digestive system, which among the following organs secrete digestive enzymes?

  1. Mouth
  2. Stomach
  3. Gall bladder
  4. Small intestine

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1, 2 & 4
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer: C [ Only 1, 2 & 4]

Q.9. Consider the following statements:

  1. Nephron is the primary filtering unit of the kidney
  2. Kidneys help in making red blood cells

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C [Both 1 & 2]

Q.10. Albert Sabin is known for developing which of the following vaccines?

[A] Polio vaccine
[B] Hepatitis B vaccine
[C] Smallpox vaccine
[D] penicillin

Answer: A [Polio vaccine]

Q.11. A gene is a functional unit of _?

[A] Life
[B] Cell
[D] Chromosomes

Answer: D [Chromosomes]

Q.12. Penicillin’ which is used as an antibiotic is obtained from :

[A] Bacteria
[B] Fungi
[C] algae
[D] Lichens

Answer: B [Fungi]

Q.13. Consider the following pairs:

Diseases : Affected body parts

  1. Meningitis : Intestines
  2. Typhoid : Lungs
  3. Hepatitis B : Liver

Which of the above is/are correctly matched?

[A] 3 Only
[B] 1 and 3 Only
[C] 1 and 2 Only
[D] None

Answer: A [ 3 Only]

Q.14. Consider the following vitamins:

  1. Vitamin A
  2. Vitamin C
  3. Vitamin D
  4. Vitamin E

Which of the above is/are fat soluble?

[A] 1, 2 & 3
[B] 1, 3 & 4
[C] 2, 3 & 4
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer: B [1, 3 & 4]

Q.15. The young chicks come out of eggs within how many days after being hatched by the hen?

[A] One week
[B] Two weeks
[C] Three weeks
[D] Four weeks

Answer: C [Three weeks]

Q.16.Enterobius vermicularis which affect the caecum and vermiform appendix is commonly called as ?

[A] Tapeworm
[B] Pinworm
[C] Threadworm
[D] Ringworm

Answer: B [Pinworm]

Q.17. Which among the following factors are essential for ‘blood coagulation’?

  1. Vitamin K
  2. Calcium ions (Ca++)
  3. Christmas factor

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] 1 and 2
[B] 1 and 3
[C] 2 and 3
[D] 1, 2 and 3

Answer: D [1, 2 and 3]

Q.18. With respect to Vitamins, consider the following statements:

  1. While Vitamin A is fat soluble, Vitamin C is water soluble
  2. While Kwashiorkor is caused by deficiency of Vitamin C, Nyctalopia is caused by deficiency of Vitamin A

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 and 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A [ 1 Only]

Q.19. Which among the following is the correct sequence of the Levels of Organisation found in living organsims?

[A] Individual – Organ system – Tissue – Cell – Organ
[B] Organ – Organ system – Tissue – Cell – Individual
[C] Tissue – Cell – Organ – Organ system – Individual
[D] Cell – Tissue – Organ – Organ system – Individual.

Answer: D [Cell – Tissue – Organ – Organ system – Individual.]

Q.20. Which state government has launched the ‘U-Rise’ portal?

[A] Andhra Pradesh
[B] Uttar Pradesh
[C] Bihar
[D] Uttarakhand

Answer: B [Uttar Pradesh]

Q.21. Vitamin A, D & C are respectively called as __ ?

[A] Retinol, Ascorbic Acid, Calciferol
[B] Retinol, Calciferol, Ascorbic Acid
[C] Pyridoxal. Calciferol. Ascorbic Acid
[D] Ascorbic Acid, Pyridoxal. Calciferol

Answer: B [Retinol, Calciferol, Ascorbic Acid]

Q.22. In recent times, the “Biological passport” has been of immense use in _:

[A] Diagnosis of fatal diseases at a very early stage
[B] Understanding the evolution of various organisms
[C] Determine the complete genome sequence of an organism
[D] Eliminating doping in sports

Answer: D [ Eliminating doping in sports]

Q.23. In our body, Liver:

  1. makes proteins important for blood clotting
  2. stores glycogen
  3. removes toxins and poisons from body
  4. produces bile as well as urea

Which among the above is / are correct?

[A] Only 1, 2 & 3
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 2, 3 & 4
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer: D [ 1, 2, 3 & 4]

Q.24. Which of the following is not a correct fact with respect to classification of organisms?

[A] A natural system of classification reflects the evolutionary history of organisms
[B] Latin scientific names identify specific organisms whose common names may vary from country to
[C] The specific epithet sometimes tells us something descriptive about the organism
[D] All of above are correct statements

Answer: D [ All of above are correct statements ]

Q.25. Recently, the acquisition of controlling stake in the Mumbai Airport by Adani group has been approved by which authority?

[A] Supreme Court of India
[B] Ministry of Finance
[C] Competition Commission of India
[D] National Administrative Tribunal

Answer: C [Competition Commission of India]

Biology GK Questions All SET MCQ-

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