General Science – Biology MCQs Set -12 SSC UPSC and Competitive Exam

Q.1. In which of the following regions, maize is used as staple food ?

[A] Western Europe
[B] Russia
[C] Middle Africa
[D] South-East Asia

Answer: C [ Middle Africa ]

Q.2. For Lemurs, which among the following is a correct group to place in ?

[A] Rodents
[B] Primates
[C] Bats
[D] Sloths

Answer: B [Primates]

Q.3. In the cells, Mitochondria is known to be distinct from most other organelles (except nucleus). This is true because Mitochondria __:

  1. has its own DNA
  2. has its own ribosome’s
  3. does its own separate division

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 1 & 2
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Answer: D [ 1, 2 & 3]

Q.4. Which of the following organelle carries on the process of cell respiration?

[A] Mitochondria
[B] Endoplasmic reticulum
[C] Golgi body
[D] Lysosomes

Answer: A [ Mitochondria]

Q.5. How many types of tissues are present in the body of all complex animals?

[A] 400
[B] 4000
[C] 40
[D] 4

Answer: D [4]

Q.6. Hemoglobin in humans has the highest affinity for which of the following gases?

[A] Methane
[B] Carbon Monoxide
[C] Nitrous oxide
[D] Carbon dioxide

Answer: B [Carbon Monoxide]

Q.7. Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria commonly called “The Global Fund” or “GFATM” was established In which year ?

[A] 1999
[B] 2000
[C] 2002
[D] 2004

Answer: C [2002]

Q.8. Which of the following nitrogenous base is present in DNA, but not in RNA?

[A] Thymine
[B] Adenine
[C] Cytosine
[D] Uracil

Answer: A [ Thymine]

Q.9. Consider the following:

  1. Heart
  2. Blood vessels
  3. Tendrons

Which of the above are components of human circulatory system?

[A] 1 & 3 Only
[B] 1 & 2 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Answer: B [ 1 & 2 Only]

Q.10. Which of the following carries oxygen to various parts of human body?

[A] Red blood cells
[B] Nerves
[C] Plasma
[D] White blood cells

Answer: A [Red blood cells]

Q.11. Opium is obtained from the dry latex from which part of the Papaver somniferum Plant?

[A] Stem
[B] Leaves
[C] Poppy
[D] Stem joints

Answer: C [Poppy]

Q.12. Which among the following group represents the most commonly found cancers in the world?

[A] Carcinoma
[B] Sarcoma
[C] Lymphoma
[D] Germ cell tumor

Answer: A [Carcinoma]

Q.13. Which of the following compounds are monosaccharides?

  1. Glucose
  2. Fructose
  3. Galactose
  4. Sucrose
  5. Lactose
  6. Cellulose
  7. Starch

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] 1, 3, 4 & 5
[B] 2, 4, 6 & 7
[C] 2, 3, 4 & 5
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Answer: D [ 1, 2 & 3]

Q.14. Consider the following differences between large intestine and small intestine:

  1. While villi are present in small intestine, they are absent in large intestine
  2. Small intestine is longer in comparison to large intestine Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: C [ Both 1 & 2]

Q.15. What is the full form of RNA?

[A] Reverse Nucleic Acid
[B] Ribonitric Acid
[C] Ribonutrient Acid
[D] Ribonucleic Acid

Answer: D [Ribonucleic Acid

Q.16. Which among the following is the most important role played by Ribosome in the cells?

[A] Synthesis of RNA
[B] Synthesis of DNA
[C] Synthesis of Proteins
[D] Metabolism of Carbohydrates

Answer: C [Synthesis of Proteins]

Q.17. Turmeric belongs to from which one of the following family of plants?

[A] Radish
[B] Ginger
[C] Onion
[D] Clove

Answer: B [Ginger]

Q.18. Which of the following is / are functions of Insulin in our body?

  1. Preventing absorption of glucose from the blood
  2. Facilitation of storing of glucose as glycogen
  3. Prevention of use of fat for deriving energy

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 2
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3

Answer: B [ Only 2 & 3]

Q.19. The vaccine, mycobacterium indicus pranii (MIP), which has been developed in India, is associated with prevention of which disease?

[A] Tuberculosis
[B] Diphtheria
[C] Leprosy
[D] Pneumonia

Answer: C [ Leprosy]

Q.20. Which among the following is also called as ‘power house of the cell’?

[A] Cell wall
[B] Mitochondria
[C] Golgi bodies
[D] Plastids

Answer: B [Mitochondria]

Q.21. Which among the following Vitamins helps in clotting of Blood?

[A] Vitamin C
[B] Vitamin D
[C] Vitamin E
[D] Vitamin K

Answer: D [Vitamin K]

Q.22. “Pratham” the first animal born in 1990 by the IVF (In vitro Fertilization) at the National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal was a __ ?

[A] Cow
[B] Buffalo
[C] Sheep
[D] Goat

Answer: B [Buffalo]

Q.23. Consider the following statements:

  1. Banana plant has a pseudostem
  2. Eye of the potato marks its point of attachment to the plant

Which among the above statements is / are correct?

[A] Only 1 is correct
[B] Only 2 is correct
[C] Both 1 & 2 are correct
[D] Neither 1 nor 2 is correct

Answer: A [ Only 1 is correct]

Q.24. Consider the following cell organelles:

  1. Nucleus
  2. Mitochondria
  3. Chloroplast
  4. Endoplasmic Reticulum

Which among the above have DNA?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 1 & 2
[C] Only 1, 2 & 3
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4

Answer: C [ Only 1, 2 & 3 ]

Q.25. What is the role of Pneumatophores?

[A] Protect plant from animals
[B] Supports plant in standing upright
[C] Get oxygen for respiration
[D] Helps plant for pollination

Answer: C [Get oxygen for respiration]

Biology GK Questions All SET MCQ-

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