Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs Set 3

Q.1. Which is not a part of National Action Plan on Climate Change?

[A] National Water Mission
[B] National Mission on Pollution Control
[C] National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture
[D] National Mission on Sustainable Habitat


Q.2. Consider the following statements about the National Biotechnology Mission:

  1. It is an initiative under the Ministry of Science & Technology
  2. The mission focuses on sustainable utilization of renewable biological resources Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2


Q.3. The scientists at which Indian university have discovered a new species of ‘paddy frog’ belonging to the microhylid genus Micryletta from Northeast India?

[A] Savitribai Phule Pune University
[B] Delhi University
[C] University of Mumbai
[D] Anna University


Q.4. Which of the following sentences are correct regarding Growth conditions for Coral Reefs?

1) The temperature of the water should not be below 20°C.
2) The average salinity between 27% to 40%.

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2


Q.5. According to Indian State of Forest Report
2017, how much of Bengal’s geographical area comprises forest?

[A] 7%
[B] 8%
[C] 10%
[D] 13%


Q.6. ‘Lion-tailed macaque’ is the key faunal species of which Biosphere Reserve?

[A] Nilgiri
[B] Dehang-Debang
[C] Dibru-Saikhowa
[D] Nokrek


Q.7. Which of the following animals are found in India in wild?

  1. Snow Leopard
  2. Clouded Leopard
  3. Jaguar

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 1 & 2
[C] Only 1 & 3
[D] 1, 2 & 3


Q.8. Which of the following is true with reference to the spraying of DDT?

[A] It cause air pollution only
[B] It cause water pollution only
[C] It cause soil pollution only
[D] It cause air, water and soil pollution


Q.9. Coastal Ocean Monitoring and Prediction System was implemented in which of the following year?

[A] 1990
[B] 1991
[C] 1992
[D] 1993


Q.10. What is the length of forests in Bengal?

[A] From Himalaya to Dooars
[B] From Darjeeling to Coochbehar
[C] From North-East India to Southern Bengal
[D] None of the above


Q.11. The colonization of an area that has not been previously occupied by an ecological community is called:

[A] primary succession
[B] secondary succession
[C] tertiary succession
[D] cyclic succession


Q.12. Identify a wetland of India on the basis of below information:

  1. This is one of the Ramsar wetlands in India and is world’s one of the largest lagoons
  2. Since it had “undergone, to be undergoing, or to be likely to undergo change in its ecological character brought about by human action”, it was placed in Montreux record of the Ramsar Convention but was later removed from it due to conservation efforts
  3. If you visit this wetland, you get a chance to see the rare and endangered ‘Irrawady Dolphin’

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Bhitarkanika Mangroves
[B] Kolleru Lake
[C] Chilika Lake
[D] Ashtamudi Wetland


Q.13. Which of the following is true about Nandur Madumeshwar bird sanctuary?

[A] Godavari river flows across the sanctuary
[B] It is located in Maharashtra
[C] It has been designated under Ramsar list of Wetlands
[D] All of the above are true


Q.14. Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management (ICMAM) was launched in which of the following year?

[A] 1997
[B] 1998
[C] 1999
[D] 2000


Q.15. The Forests of West Bengal can be classified into how many types?

[A] 3
[B] 4
[C] 5
[D] 6


Q.16. Consider the following animals:

  1. Toads
  2. Bees
  3. Bats
  4. Bears

Which of the above are true hibernators?

[A] Only 1, 2 & 3
[B] Only 2, 3 & 4
[C] Only 1, 2 & 4
[D] 1, 2, 3 & 4


Q.17. The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has launched how many GPS stations across country?

[A] 24
[B] 35
[C] 22
[D] 19


Q.18. Where in India the Tropical Wet Evergreen forests are not found?

[A] North East Region
[B] Western and eastern Ghats
[C] Andaman and Nicobar island
[D] Deccan Plateau


Q.19. Which of the following are the examples of wastes regulated by the Basel Convention?

1) Biomedical and healthcare wastes
2) Used lead-acid batteries
3) Polychlorinated Biphenyls

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1 & 3
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 3
[D] 1, 2, & 3


Q.20. The species from Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests are used in which following industries?

[A] Rope making
[B] Silk production
[C] Paper mills
[D] All of the above


Q.21. Consider the following cycles:

  1. Nitrogen
  2. Water
  3. Carbon cycle

Which of the above is/are sedimentary cycle(s)?

[A] 2 Only
[B] 1 & 3 Only
[C] 1, 2 & 3
[D] None


Q.22. The scientists at which Indian university have discovered a new species of ‘paddy frog’ belonging to the microhylid genus Micryletta from Northeast India?

[A] Savitribai Phule Pune University
[B] Delhi University
[C] University of Mumbai
[D] Anna University


Q.23. Which of the following statements are correct regarding tropical dry deciduous forests in India?

  1. They are found throughout the southern part of the country.
  2. They are also found in Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.

Select the correct option from the codes given belwo:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2


Q.24. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve?

1) It is located in Chattisgarh.
2) UNESCO designated it as a biosphere reserve in 2009.

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2


Q.25. Why do Mangrove trees have breathing roots?

[A] The roots prevent soil erosion
[B] To store oxygen up to 4 days
[C] The roots are the only place where photosynthesis is done
[D] To obtain oxygen from the air


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