Environment, Ecology & Biodiversity MCQs Set 2

Q.1. The Rajbari National Park (RNP) is located in which state of India?

[A] Nagaland
[B] Rajasthan
[C] Odisha
[D] Tripura


Q.2. Consider the following National Parks of India:

  1. Namdhapa National Park, Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Hemis National Park, Jammu & Kashmir
  3. Desert National Park, Rajasthan

Which among the following is the correct decreasing order of their areas?

[A] 1 2 3
[B] 2 3 1
[C] 3 2 1
[D] 3 1 2


Q.3. Consider the following pairs:

  1. Stoneflies – indicate high oxygen content in water
  2. Mosses – indicate acidic soil
  3. Greasewood – indicates saline soil

Which of the above is/are correct?

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3


Q.4. Which of the following can be categorized as quantitative pollutants?

  1. Carbon Dioxide
  2. Carbon Monoxide
  3. DDT
  4. Methane

Select the correct answer from the codes given below-

[A] 1,2,3,4
[B] 1,2 and 3 only
[C] 1,2 and 4 only
[D] 3 only


Q.5. Which of the Ozone Depleting Substances are produced in India?

1) CFC-11
2) CFC-12
3) CFC-13

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2 & 3
[C] Only 1 & 2
[D] Only 3


Q.6. The “Hkakabo Razi” which is famous for Hkakabo Razi National Park, is a border tripoint between which among the following countries?

[A] India-Nepal-China
[B] India-Bhutan-China
[C] India-Bangladesh-Myanmar
[D] India-China-Myanmar


Q.7. With reference to the air pollution, the Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter (RSPM) is of two types viz. PM10 (diameter 10-2.5 microns) and PM2.5 (under 2.5 microns). Consider the following statements with this reference:

  1. During winter the concentration of PM2.5 is higher than summer
  2. While PM2.5 affects the lungs; the PM10 affects the upper respiratory tract

Which among the above is / are correct?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2


Q.8. Consider the following statements about the Conservation Reserves:

  1. Conservation Reserves can be declared by the State Governments in any area owned by the Government
  2. The rights of people living inside a Conservation Reserve are not affected Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2

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Q.9. Sri Venkateshwara Zoological Park is located in which of the following states?

[A] Karnataka
[B] Andhra Pradesh
[C] Kerala
[D] Tamil Nadu


Q.10. Birdlife International was established in which of the following year?

[A] 1919
[B] 1922
[C] 1944
[D] 1956


Q.11. Consider the following statements:

  1. National Tiger Conservation Authority is an statutory authority with legal backing to ensure tiger conservation.
  2. Project Tiger had no statutory status

Which among the above statements is / are correct?

[A] 1 only
[B] 2 only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2


Q.12. Which of the following statements is/are correct about carbon monoxide?

  1. Carbon monoxide is highly soluble in human blood
  2. Carbon monoxide is one of the pollutants used to measure the National AQI
  3. Carbon monoxide is one of the green house gases listed under Kyoto protocol

Select the correct option from codes given below:

[A] 1 & 2 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] 2 & 3 Only
[D] 1, 2 & 3


Q.13. Consider the following National Parks with states where they are located:

  1. Rani Jhansi Marine National Park – Madhya Pradesh
  2. Balpakram National Park – Karnataka
  3. Valley of Flowers National Park – Kerala

Which of the above is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 1 & 3 Only
[C] 1, 2 & 3
[D] None


Q.14. Oak, pine, deodar, birch and rhododendron are the important trees of which of the following regions?

[A] Cold desert
[B] Hot desert
[C] Grasslands
[D] Tropical forests


Q.15. Biological Diversity Act was passed in which of the following years?

[A] 2000
[B] 2001
[C] 2002
[D] 2003


Q.16. The Mahesh Rangrajan Committee has recommended the amendment of the Wild Life Protection Act for which among the following purposes?

[A] To give legislative protection to Elephant Reserves
[B] To set up National Elephants Conservation Authority (NECA)
[C] To establish Elephant Corridors under the provisions of amended act
[D] All of above


Q.17. Which of the following is responsible for “Chinese Restaurant Syndrome”?

[A] Monosodium glutamate
[B] Potassium bromate
[C] Aspartame
[D] Polysorbate 60


Q.18. Consider the following statements about the Global Environment Facility (GEF):

  1. It was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit
  2. It has been entrusted as an entity of the financial mechanism under COP 21

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2


Q.19. Which of the following ministries release the India State of Forest Report (ISFR)?

[A] The Ministry for Environment, Forests and Climate Change
[B] Ministry of Agriculture.
[C] Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
[D] Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution.


Q.20. The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act was passed in which of the following year?

[A] 1944
[B] 1960
[C] 1972
[D] 1986


Q.21. Which among the following will emit maximum mass of carbon dioxide , when the same quantity is burnt of all of them?

[A] Kerosene
[B] Natural Gas
[C] Gasoline
[D] Propane


Q.22. Consider the following statements about the National Board for Wildlife (NBWL):

  1. Union Minister of Environment and Forests is the chairperson of NBWL
  2. National Board for Wild Life is a “Statutory Organization” constituted under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 Which of the above statements is/are correct?

[A] 1 Only
[B] 2 Only
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 nor 2


Q.23. Pakkamalai Reserve Forests is located in which state?

[A] Tamil Nadu
[B] Kerala
[C] Karnataka
[D] Andhra Pradesh

Answer: A [Tamil Nadu]


Q.24. Neknampur Lake, which is the largest floating treatment wetland in the country, is situated in which of the following place?

[A] Hyderabad
[B] New Delhi
[C] Odisha
[D] Manipur


Q.25. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Algal bloom?

  1. It refers to a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae in an aquatic ecosystem.
  2. Algal blooms can occur in freshwater as well as marine environments.

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

[A] Only 1
[B] Only 2
[C] Both 1 & 2
[D] Neither 1 & 2


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